Computer-Based Test (CBT, also referred to as Computer Based Assessment) is any form of assessment or evaluation (formative or summative assessment) that is conducted electronically with the use of information technology. It may be conducted on a stand-alone computer or on a computer network (over an intranet or the Internet). CBT, unlike Paper-Based Test (PBT), is a form of electronic assessment whose conduct and grading requires little or no human effort.
A stand-alone computer system is a single computer that can operate on its own without needing help from another computer. A stand-alone computer is not on a network.
An intranet is a private computer network that allows people within an organization to communicate with one another and share information. Intranet uses the same protocols like the Internet.
Internet is a global (an international) network of computers that allows world-wide communication.
Examination conduct with computer has advantages over the traditional Paper-Based Test (PBT) method, ranging from improved efficiency to cost-effectiveness. The benefits include:
Writing skill and writing materials are needed when writing a Paper-Based Test (PBT); to write a Computer-Based Test, all you need is a basic digital literacy skill to handle one or two computer peripherals including computer keyboard, mouse, and earphone [in listening tests].
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